© Isabelle Charrier

© Isabelle Charrier

 

Comparative bioacoustics III: Marine Mammals (Week 5, 3 ECTS)

Aims: In this module we will review the production/perception, nature, function of acoustic signals in marine mammals (pinnipeds and cetaceans) as well as the impact of noise. We will describe the different types of acoustic signals produced by pinnipeds, odontocetes and Mysticetes, and the anatomical basis of their production. We will see their hearing abilities, and review the impact of noise on their general behaviour and

vocal production. We will also present technologies used to study marine mammal vocal behaviour, from passive to active monitoring and the analysis methods linked to these monitoring methods (PAM and tags).

 

During the practical sessions, we will use sound analysis software such as Seewave, Avisoft and Raven.

 

Research talks on pinniped and cetacean acoustic communication networks and noise

impact will expose you directly to current research.

 

Learning outcomes

 

By the end of the module, a successful student should be able to:

  1. Demonstrate an understanding of how acoustic signals of marine mammals are produced, structured and perceived;

  2. Demonstrate an understanding of noise impact on marine mammals

  3. Demonstrate a good understanding of tools for analysing marine mammal vocalisations

  4. Demonstrate a good understanding of scientific devices that can be used to study marine mammal behaviour (PAM and tags).

Assessment

The final mark will be based on the oral presentation of a scientific paper (duration = 10 min + 5 min questions).

 

Schedule

Monday 10th October

09:00-12:30 Lecture (3h CM): Welcome & Description of marine mammal vocalisations and assessing the biological function of their vocalisations using playback experiments. Case study focused on Pinnipeds. Isabelle Charrier

14:00-17:00 Practical (3h CM/TD): Analysis of marine mammal vocalisations and vocal signatures (from acoustic to statistical analysis). Denise Risch (I. Charrier in assistance)

Assignment of scientific papers that will be presented on Friday (1/student).

 

Tuesday 11th October

09:00-12:00 Lecture (3h CM): Vocal production in cetaceans, and comparison of vocal apparatus between odontocetes and Mysticetes. Olivier Adam

17:00- 18:30 Lecture (CM): Hearing in pinnipeds.

Conference by C. Reichmuth (Online).

 

Wednesday 12th October

09:00-12:00 Lecture (3h CM): Presentation of the standard and new technologies used to study marine mammals (behaviour and vocal production). Impact of noise on marine mammals. Study case on cetacean species. Charlotte Curé

14:00-17:00 Practical (3h TD): Analysis of multi-sensor tag data. Paul Wensveen and Alec Burslem (tutor, online)

Thursday 13th October

09:00-12:00 Lecture (3h CM): Presentation of passive acoustic monitoring methods for cetaceans. Flore Samaran

14:00-17:00 Afternoon Practical (3h TD): analysis methods in passive acoustic monitoring. Flore Samaran + Maelle Torterotot

 

Friday 14th October

09:30-11:30 Morning : 2 X 45min Research talks + open session of questions (Alec Burslem and P. Wensven).

13:00-15:30 Afternoon: Oral presentations of scientific papers, 15 min per presentations (10 min presentation and 5 min questions, 2 students/publication) (I. Charrier & C. Curé).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


© Isabelle Charrier

 

Organisers: Isabelle Charrier & Charlotte Curé

Tutors: Olivier Adam, Flore Samaran

Confirmed Guests speakers:  Colleen Reichmuth (USA), Alec Burlslem (USA), Paul Wensveen (Iceland), Denise Risch (Scotland).

© Charlotte Curé (3S project-baseline cruise)